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Heritage Tour - Glossary

Cornice:
A horizontal moulded projection that crowns or completes a building or wall.
Corinthian:
relating to the Corinthian order. A pillar or column with a capital of Acanthus leaves.
Doric:
Belonging to, or resembling, the oldest and simplest of the three orders of architecture used by the Greeks, but ranked as second of the five orders adopted by the Romans. A pillar or column with a plain capital and without a base.
Entablature:
The upper section of a classical building, resting on the columns and constituting the architrave, frieze, and cornice.
Guttae:
One of a series of small ornaments in the shape of truncated cones used on a Doric entablature.
Ionic:
belonging to the Ionic order. A pillar or column with a scrolled capital.
Mutules:
A projecting rectangular block or bracket situated above and beneath the corona of a Doric cornice.
Pediment:
A wide, low-pitched gable surmounting the façade of a building in the Grecian style.
Pilaster:
A rectangular column with a capital and base, projecting only slightly from a wall as an ornamental motif.
Portico:
A porch or walkway with a roof supported by columns, often leading to the entrance of a building.
Swags:
An ornamental festoon of flowers or fruit. A carving or plaster moulding of such an ornament.

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